Cancerous tumors of the connective tissues are known as sarcomas. Connective tissues found in the human body include cartilage, fat, muscle, cancellous bone, and vascular or hematopietic tissues. The term “sarcoma” was derived from a Greek word which meant fleshy growth.
Sarcoma Treatment in Los Angeles
Sarcoma cancer is categorized into two types:
Soft Tissue Sarcoma:
Soft tissue sarcomas are relatively rare and account for only about 1% of the registered new cancer cases per year, even though 80% of sarcomas begin from the soft tissues. Soft tissues don’t usually cause any symptoms in the early stages.The first noticeable symptoms are painless lumps and swelling. There is an increase in pain or soreness with the eventual growth in tumor.
The only reliable method to determine if a tumor is malignant or benign is through a biopsy, which includes either an aspiration needle or surgical methods.
The treatment of soft tissue sarcoma cancer is largely dependent on the stage of the cancer.The stage is dependent on the size and grade of the tumor and if it has spread and affected the lymph nodes.The usual treatment courses followed are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.
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Bones are comprised of three tissues: compact tissue, cancerous tissue, and subchondral tissue. Bone cancer destroys the bone tissues. The most common types of bone sarcoma include osteosarcoma (a condition that develops in the femur and tibia), Ewing’s sarcoma (which develops in pelvis, thigh bone, and shin bone), and chondrosarcoma (which affects pelvis, upper arm bone, scapula, and more).
Early symptoms of bone sarcomas include tenderness in affected bones, which progresses into worse aches when active or during night. Other symptoms include high fever, unexplained weight loss, and sweating.
A diagnosis is done using biopsy on the suspicious tissue. At times the exams include X-rays, CT scans, MRIs, Radionuclide bone scans, and PET scans.
The major treatment procedures include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery to remove cancerous bones. At times, the bone can be reconstructed using limb-sparing surgery.
Sarcoma cancer, even though it can be life-threatening, can be cured with proper diagnosis and treatment.
To learn more, please visit www.sarcomaoncology.com.
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